NaplesYou could visit Naples for its archaeological and architectural treasures, its castles, churches, and museums. But if you have ever wanted to indulge in la dolce vita, the Italian good life, do this here as well. The sea, the landscape, the active volcanic soil, and a diverse influence perfected by centuries of culinary practice have all come together to provide pleasures for the taste buds and the eye and is on offer in numerous restaurants, cafés, and street stands..
And the Neapolitans can do it all: From the discovery of the universe's infinity to the invention of pizza, creativity clearly is at home here. With 3,000 years of age, Naples is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities of the world. Its historical city center is a UNESCO World Heritage site; although Naples was the most-bombed Italian city in World War II, vast resources were invested in reconstructing damaged buildings.
Already in the second millennium BCE Greeks settled here. Around the 8th century BCE, Greek settlers established the city of Parthenope. Refounded 200 years later as "Neapolis", or "New City", it grew into one of the leading cites of Greater Greece and then an important cultural center of the Roman Empire.
After the Middle Ages, Naples was the capital of the "Kingdom of Sicily" which comprised all of Southern Italy. Naples' historic center dates back to this time. The Naples region is famous for its volcanic activity and, more specifically, for the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 BCE that wiped out several towns and hundreds of farms. Covered under a thick layer of ash, the remains of Pompeii and Herculaneum were well preserved and provide an unparalleled insight into life in the Roman Empire. Not only finds from here are on display in the National Archaeological Museum of Naples, one of the most extensive collections of Roman Empire artifacts.