Ephesus, or Ephesos in Greek, was one of the greatest cities of the Ancient Greek and Roman world.
In the 1st century BC, it had grown into one of the largest cities of the Roman Empire with a population of more than 200,000. Philosopher Heraclitus was born here, and the city was famed for the Temple of Artemis, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Later it was home to one of the largest early-Christian communities.
Today, the site of Ephesus contains the largest collection of Roman ruins in the eastern Mediterranean. They provide an impression of the city's former splendor - including the Library of Celsus with its magnificent façade, reconstructed completely from original pieces.
A Classical Masterpiece
Wounded AmazonPliny writes of how the best artists of the Greek classical era, between 450 and 420 B.C., were invited to sculpt an Amazon for the Ephesus Temple of Artemis. In a clever process the statue by Polyclitus was found to be the best. Is it this one?
▶ The Collection of Classical Antiquities Berlin▶ Ephesos